Cannabis Law in Michigan
Michigan legalized the use of recreational cannabis for adults aged 21 and over in 2018, becoming the first state in the Midwest to do so. The state allows individuals to possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis outside of their residence and up to 10 ounces inside their residence, as well as grow up to 12 plants at home, with no more than 12 plants per household. Here is an overview of the cannabis law in Michigan.
Cannabis Retail and Licensing
Michigan allows for the establishment of licensed cannabis dispensaries, cultivators, and product manufacturers. The state regulates and licenses these businesses through the Michigan Marijuana Regulatory Agency (MRA). The MRA also oversees the implementation and enforcement of the adult-use cannabis law in Michigan.
In order to obtain a license to operate a cannabis business in Michigan, individuals and companies must go through a rigorous application process that includes background checks, financial disclosures, and security plans. The state prioritizes applications from individuals from communities that have been disproportionately impacted by the war on drugs.
Taxes and Revenues
The state imposes a 10% excise tax on cannabis products, as well as a 6% sales tax on all retail sales. Local governments can also impose an additional tax on cannabis sales within their jurisdiction. The tax revenue generated from cannabis sales is used to support various programs, including education, roads, and local governments.
Public Consumption and Driving Under the Influence
Michigan prohibits the consumption of cannabis in public places, including on sidewalks, streets, and parks. The state also prohibits individuals from operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of cannabis. Law enforcement officials can conduct sobriety tests to determine whether a driver is impaired by cannabis.
Testing and Labeling Requirements
All cannabis products sold in Michigan must be tested for potency and contaminants before they can be sold. The state requires testing for a range of contaminants, including pesticides, mold, and heavy metals. Cannabis products must also be labeled with specific information, including the amount of THC and CBD in the product, the name of the cultivator, and the date of harvest.
Michigan also legalized the use of medical cannabis in 2008. The state’s medical cannabis program allows individuals with qualifying medical conditions to use cannabis for therapeutic purposes with a recommendation from a healthcare provider. Patients can possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis for personal use.
Michigan’s cannabis law is focused on promoting social equity in the industry while also protecting public health and safety. The state imposes taxes and regulations on the industry to ensure that cannabis products are safe and of high quality. It is important for individuals to understand the specific details of the law in order to use cannabis safely and legally in Michigan. As with any substance, it is important to use cannabis responsibly and to avoid driving while under the influence.